Make your own Voki. It can speak Spanishhttp://www.voki.com/pickup.php?scid=6446330&height=267&width=200
Let's talk about getting extra points in Spanish. I developed a "webjog" during the summer. In my webjog you are going to find several sites related to Hispanic culture in the USA. The Hispanic Heritage Month, Sept. 15 - Oct. 15, is celebrated during the first quarter. You can get as many as 20 extra points during the first quarter. You can add extra points to Spanish tests, projects, and presentations. Go quickly over the sites. Choose some that interest you. I will have a set of questions and activities for each site. We will also discuss them in class. Buena suerte!
3English Words Created by Spanish Culture
English Words Created by Spanish Culture
The English language is a thief. What we call English isn’t really English at all. Instead, it’s a collection of borrowings from other languages. Latin is the main one, but there’s also a good bit of French and a healthy serving of Spanish. There are thousands of Spanish loan words in English – some claim as many as 10,000 – and they all entered the language from three main sources.
Trade in the Caribbean region brought a number of local Spanish words into the language:
•barbecue •cannibal •llama •hammock •hurricane
•potato •tobacco •yucca
Many words were brought into English by cowboys working in the Southwest USA, such as:
•bronco •buckaroo (from vaquero, Spanish for cowboy)
•desperado •rodeo •vigilante
Then there are several words for food and drink that you just can’t describe in English:
•avocado •banana •burrito •chili •dorado
•guacamole •maize •margarita •paella •papaya
•pimento •tequila •tortilla •vanilla •yam
And then there are others, where we know the Spanish words, but we’re just not sure exactly how they got here.
•adobe •albino •alcove •alfalfa •algebra
•alligator (from the Spanish for lizard – el lagarto)
•armadillo •barracuda •cafeteria •canyon •chihuahua
•cigar/cigarette •cockroach •embargo •guerilla
•guitar •iguana •incommunicado •jaguar •macho
•mosquito •renegade •savvy •siesta •tornado
This is just a selection of the Spanish loan words we use in English. Have you got any favorite ones to add to the list? Please bring me 10 more words to get your extra points.
4Spanish Place Names
Spanish Place Names In The USA
In addition to all those English words that originated from the Spanish culture, we also have places with Spanish names. The following is a very interesting article written by John Cletheroe in: “USA & Canada Holiday Hints.”
(Taken from John Cletheroe’s “USA & Canada Holiday Hints”)
Many towns, rivers, mountain ranges, historic roads and trails and other geographical features in the United States, especially in the Southwest, have Spanish names. This page offers the translations into English of a few of these. Where a Spanish word has multiple meanings in English I have only included that which seems most likely to apply to a place name.
This list is only a small selection and is naturally very far from being complete. A complete list would of course be enormous.
Many other place names in the USA and Canada come from Native American cultures or from other nationalities of immigrants such as British, French, Dutch, German and Russian.
What are you going to do to earn extra points? Locate, tag on a U.S. map, and translate the following states and cities:
States -- California, Florida, and Montana.
Cities -- El Paso, Texas; Los Angeles, California; Pueblo, Colorado; San Antonio, Texas; San Diego, California; San Francisco, California; San Jose, California; and Santa Fe, New Mexico.
I challenge you to find additional U.S. place names of Spanish origin. Bring me 10 more names.
Poplar (the tree)
From alcatraces (pelican)
Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay was originally named Isla de los Alcatraces (Isle of the Pelicans) after the large pelican population there.
Amarillo, Texas was named after the colour of the clay banks of a nearby stream.
Boca Raton, Florida was named after the nearby jagged rocks on the ocean shore, though to resemble a rat's mouth
The name California was first given to the Baja California peninsula by the Spanish explorer Hernan Cortes in the early sixteenth century and was later applied to more northern areas. The word was derived from the name of an imaginary island in a popular Spanish romance of the time.
Reeds, or a sugar-cane plantation
Spanish spelling is cañaveral.
From the Basque word "urango". (I realize that the Basque language is totally separate from Spanish, but this entry seemed worth including here.)
Los Gatos, California was named after the wildcats that were once populous in the area.
The name of Las Vegas, Nevada refers to grassland seen along spring-fed desert streams by early Spanish explorers of the area.
Snow, snowfall, snow-covered
El Paso The Path
Fort or Fortress
Many presidios were built by the Spanish when they ruled the southwest of the USA and Mexico. Some of these have been preserved, for example the Presidios of Monterey, Santa Barbara and San Francisco.
Ranch or farm
In Latin American Spanish it means a ranch or farm.
Salinas, California derives its name from the numerous salt marshes along the Salinas River.
Many places were named by Spanish explorers after saints because the explorers discovered them or founded a mission or town there on the relevant saint's day.
5Mexican Mariachi Bands
Mexican Mariachi Bands
Please read the general information about the Mariachi musical bands. We will listen to a Mariachi Band in class. You will do a presentation in class with two other students. Topics to choose from are:
Origin of the name “Mariachi”
Modern Mariachi Development (6 students)
Mariachi in the USA (6 students)
6Hispanic Americans and Latinos in History
Hispanic Americans and Latinos in History
DIRECTIONS: Use classroom, library and Internet resources to learn about 20 famous Hispanic Americans and Latinos listed below. On the line next to each name, write the letter of the statement that describes that person. Print this page and bring it to me with your answers. More extra points.
FAMOUS HISPANIC AMERICANS OF THE PAST
____ 1. Conquistadores
a. Discovered the Mississippi River
____ 2. Juan Ponce de León
b. World-famous musician, he played the cello
____ 3. Hernando de Soto
c. Led fight for a better life for migrant farm workers
____ 4. Father Junípero Serra
d. Band leader and actor, was on TV in I Love Lucy
____ 5. David Glasgow Farragut
e. On Columbus's 2nd trip; was governor of Puerto Rico
____ 6. Pablo Casals
f. Baseball player with Pittsburgh Pirates 1955-1972
____ 7. Dennis Chávez
g. First full-term Hispanic U.S. Senator (1935).
____ 8. Desi Arnaz
h. Civil War Naval hero, led battle to take New Orleans
____ 9. César Chávez
i. Spanish soldiers, invaded and took lands from Indians
____ 10. Roberto Clemente
j. Founder of the California missions
FAMOUS HISPANIC AMERICANS OF TODAY
____ 1. Joan Baez
a. One of the world's best female golfers
____ 2. Antonia Coello Novello
b. Soccer player
____ 3. Henry Cisneros
c. Mexican-American mayor of San Antonio, Texas
____ 4. Katherine Davalos Ortega
d. Folk singer
____ 5. Gloria Estefan
e. Singer from Miami
____ 6. Nancy Lopez
f. Hispanic Treasurer of the United States
____ 7. Geraldo Rivera
g. Opera singer
____ 8. José Canseco
h. First Hispanic and first female U.S. Surgeon General
____ 9. José Carreras
i. Baseball player with the Oakland A's
____ 10. Pelé
j. Talk show host
7Scavenger Hunt on the Incas
Scavenger Hunt on the Incas:
- 1. Different cultures have myths about their origins. Who was Manco Capac?
http://incas.mrdonn.org/mancocapac.html . Read the story and retell it in your own words.
- 2. The capital city was Cuzco. Click on that name, read the page and then answer the following questions about Cuzco.
- a. Above sea level, how far was the city? __________________________
- b. The Temple of the Sun was exceptional, why? _____________________
- c. Every new emperor needed to build a new palace. Why?
- 3. If you read “Crime and Punishment” you will learn that there was almost no crime in the Inca Empire. Why?
What punishment was given for cursing the gods? _____________________________________________________________
If you lived through your punishment, what did you have to do the rest of your life? ____________________________________________________________
- 4. Click on Machu Picchu http://incas.mrdonn.org/machupicchu.html Read about the city.
Click on the Inca Brain Teaser
And follow the Inca Trail
8Bulletin Board Activity
Bulletin board activity
We are going to create a big black kettle (representing the "melting pot" that is America) out of construction paper and staple it to the bulletin board.
You need to know the cultures your family comes from. We are going to use white chalk or crayons to write the information. Then write a short paragraph about something that reminds you of that particular culture(s). It could be words in a foreign language, it could be a special food, it could be music, or anything else you want to share with us. We will hang those articles on the bulletin board. You do not have to put your name.
Trivia Questions Use the Internet or library resources to locate answers to the trivia questions below.
What event do Mexicans and Mexican-Americans celebrate on Sept. 16?
What are sikus, quenas, wankaras and charangos?
What three U.S. states are home to most Hispanic-owned businesses?
Who is the city of Galveston, Texas named after?
What historic event is remembered in Puerto Rico on Sept. 23?
What historic event is celebrated on May 5th (or Cinco de mayo)?
What is one of the accepted roots of the word Mariachi?
When is Guadalupe Day? What Hispanic group celebrates it the most?
What event do the Central American countries celebrate on Sept. 15?
Do you know the the capital names of Bolivia, Peru and Argentina?
Do you know the capital names of Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama?
What country is Mrs.C Rod from?
10Celebrate Hispanic Heritage
Celebrate Hispanic Heritage
We will be doing the activities in this site prepared by Scholastic. You can do some of the activities ahead of time. It is an interesting site because it gives you a time line.of events. It is easier to relate to it.
11Puerto Rican Music
Do you know what maracas are? Find out and see if you can make one.http://www.musicofpuertorico.com/index.php/instruments/maracas/
Find out who the Incas were and why Machu Picchu is famous.http://incas.mrdonn.org/machupicchu.html